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219 John Munroe HallNewark, DE 19716<div class="ExternalClassA289DDDC7E674786A3AF339C12C3495D"><p>​Lawrence G. Duggan specializes in the later Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Reformation, with an emphasis on church and German history. He received his A.B. from the College of the Holy Cross in 1965 and his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1971, and has been at the University since 1970. He is the author of <em>Bishop and Chapter: The Governance of the Bishopric of Speyer to 1552</em> (Rutgers, 1978), <em>Armsbearing and the Clergy in the History and Canon Law of Western Christianity</em> (Boydell , 2013), <em>Sense and Nonsense about  Machiavelli </em>(forthcoming), and of many articles, including “Was Art Really the ‘Book of the Illiterate’?”, “’For Force is Not of God’ Compulsion and Conversion from Yahweh to Charlemagne,”  “Fear and Confession on the Eve of the Reformation,” and “Were Nicholas V and Pius II Really Renaissance Popes?”.  Currently he is preparing the manuscripts of <em>Legislation of the Medieval and Early Modern Religious Orders on Armsbearing</em>, <em>Ecclesiastical “Moneylending” in Later Medieval Germany,</em> and <em>The Renaissance? A Reassessment</em> (under contract with Rowan and Littlefield in its Critical Issues in History series). He has been a Visiting Member of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and is a lifetime Research Fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation of Germany.</p></div><div class="ExternalClassD3FF3702C6184FAD89007A07616ABE36"><h4>Books:</h4><ul><li><em>Armsbearing and the Clergy in the History and Canon Law of Western Christianity</em> (Boydell, 2013).</li><li><em>Bishop and Chapter: The Governance of the Bishopric of Speyer to 1552</em> (Rutgers, 1978).</li></ul></div><div class="ExternalClass71CF6350810947ADBB8A3357C55B4323"><p>“<a href="/content-sub-site/Documents/duggan/The%20Unresponsiveness%20of%20the%20Late%20Medieval%20Church%20A%20Reconsideration.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Unresponsiveness of the Late Medieval Church: a Reconsideration</a>,” <em>The Sixteenth Century Journal</em>  9 (1978):3-26.</p><p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">“Melchior von Meckau: A Missing Link in the Eck Zins-Disputes of 1514-1516?</a>,” <em>Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 74 (</em>1983): 25-37.</p><p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">“Fear and Confession on the Eve of the Reformation</a>,” <em>Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte</em>  75 (1984): 153-75.</p><p><a href="/content-sub-site/Documents/duggan/Building%20Lending%20and%20Cancelling%20Debts.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">“Building Lending and Cancelling Debts: Damian Hugo von Schönborn, Cardinal and Prince-Bishop of Speyer and Constance (d. 1743)</a>,” <em>Sangallensia in Washington, The Arts and Letters in Medieval and Baroque St. Gall, Viewed from the Late Twentieth Century</em>, ed. James C. King,  (Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., New York, 1993), pp. 33-45.</p><p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">“‘For Force is Not of God’? Compulsion and Conversion from Yahweh to Charlemagne</a>,” <em>Varieties of Religious Conversion in the Middle Ages</em>, edited by James Muldoon. (University Press of Florida, 1997), pp. 49-62.</p><p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">“Was Art Really the ‘Book of the Illiterate’?,</a>” in <em>Reading Images and Texts Medieval Images and Texts as Forms of Communication</em>, eds. Marielle Hageman and Marco Mostert. (Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2005), pp. 63-107.</p><p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">“Reflections on “Was Art Really the ‘Book of the Illiterate’?</a>,” in <em>Reading Images and Texts. Medieval Images and Texts as Forms of Communication</em>, eds. Marielle Hageman and Marco Mostert, Utrecht Studies in Medieval Literacy 8 (Turnhout, 2005), pp. 201-09.</p><p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">“Were Nicholas V and Pius II Really Renaissance Popes</a>,” in <em>Where Heaven and Earth Meet, Essays on Medieval Europe in Honor of Daniel F. Callahan</em>, eds. Michael Frassetto, Matthew Gabriele and John D. Hosler. (Brill, 2014), pp. 63-78.</p><p>“<a href="/content-sub-site/Documents/duggan/The%20Evolution%20of%20Latin%20Canon%20Law%20on%20the%20Clergy%20and%20Armsbearing%20to%20the%20Thirteenth%20Century.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Evolution of Latin Canon Law on the Clergy and Armsbearing to the Thirteenth Century</a>,” in <em>Between Sword and Prayer. Warfare and Medieval Clergy in Cultural Perspective</em>, eds. Radoslaw Kotecki et al. (Brill, 2018), pp. 497-516.</p><p><a href="/content-sub-site/Documents/duggan/Armsbearing%20by%20the%20Clergy%20and%20the%20Fourth%20Lateran%20Council.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener">“Armsbearing by the Clergy and the Fourth Lateran Council</a>,” in <em>The Fourth Lateran Council and the Ius Commune</em>, eds. Atria Larson and Andrea Massironi. To be published in 2018 by Brepols Belgium.</p><p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">“Armsbearing By The Clergy In The History Of The Canon Law Of The Episcopal Church In The United States</a>,” <em>Anglican and Episcopal History</em> 86/3 (Sept. 2017): 247-271.</p></div>PublicationsSelect Articles lgjd@udel.edDuggan, Lawrence302-831-6501<img alt="Professor Lawrence Duggan" src="/Images%20Bios/faculty/Duggan,%20Larry.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />ProfessorT/R 11:00-12:30 & 3:30-4:30,Lawrence



Armsbearing and the Clergy in the History and Canon Law of Western ChristianityDuggan, LawrenceBoydell & Brewer2013<p>​The history of the vexed relationship between clergy and warfare is traced through a careful examination of canon law. In the first millennium the Christian Church forbade its clergy from bearing arms. </p><p>In the mid-eleventh century the ban was reiterated many times at the highest levels: all participants in the battle of Hastings, for example, who had drawn blood were required to do public penance. Yet over the next two hundred years the canon law of the Latin Church changed significantly: the pope and bishops came to authorize and direct wars; military-religious orders, beginning with the Templars, emerged to defend the faithful and the Faith; and individual clerics were allowed to bear arms for defensive purposes. This study examines how these changes developed, ranging widely across Europe and taking the story right up to the present day; it also considers the reasons why the original prohibition has never been restored.</p>
Bishop and Chapter: The Governance of the Bishopric of Speyer to 1552Duggan, LawrenceRutgers University Press1978

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