Upload new images. The image library for this site will open in a new window.
Upload new documents. The document library for this site will open in a new window.
Show web part zones on the page. Web parts can be added to display dynamic content such as calendars or photo galleries.
Choose between different arrangements of page sections. Page layouts can be changed even after content has been added.
Open the Navigation Management window, which can be used to view the full current branch of the menu tree, and edit it.
Move this whole section down, swapping places with the section below it.
Check for and fix problems in the body text. Text pasted in from other sources may contain malformed HTML which the code cleaner will remove.
Accordion feature turned off, click to turn on.
Accordion featurd turned on, click to turn off.
Change the way the image is cropped for this page layout.
Cycle through size options for this image or video.
Align the media panel to the right/left in this section.
Open the image pane in this body section. Click in the image pane to select an image from the image library.
Open the video pane in this body section. Click in the video pane to embed a video. Click ? for step-by-step instructions.
Remove the image from the media panel. This does not delete the image from the library.
Remove the video from the media panel.
Lawrence G. Duggan specializes in the later Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Reformation, with an emphasis on church and German history. He received his A.B. from the College of the Holy Cross in 1965 and his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1971, and has been at the University since 1970. He is the author of Bishop and Chapter: The Governance of the Bishopric of Speyer to 1552 (Rutgers, 1978), Armsbearing and the Clergy in the History and Canon Law of Western Christianity (Boydell , 2013), Sense and Nonsense about Machiavelli (forthcoming), and of many articles, including “Was Art Really the ‘Book of the Illiterate’?”, “’For Force is Not of God’ Compulsion and Conversion from Yahweh to Charlemagne,” “Fear and Confession on the Eve of the Reformation,” and “Were Nicholas V and Pius II Really Renaissance Popes?”. Currently he is preparing the manuscripts of Legislation of the Medieval and Early Modern Religious Orders on Armsbearing, Ecclesiastical “Moneylending” in Later Medieval Germany, and The Renaissance? A Reassessment (under contract with Rowan and Littlefield in its Critical Issues in History series). He has been a Visiting Member of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and is a lifetime Research Fellow of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation of Germany.
Armsbearing and the Clergy in the History and Canon Law of Western Christianity (Boydell, 2013).
Bishop and Chapter: The Governance of the Bishopric of Speyer to 1552 (Rutgers, 1978).
Click on highlighted title to access article.
"The Church as an Institution of the Reich," The Old Reich. Essays on German Political Institutions 1495-1806, eds. James A. Vann and Steven W. Rowan (Brussels: Editions de la Librairie enyclopedique, 1974), pp. 149-64.
“The Unresponsiveness of the Late Medieval Church: a Reconsideration,” The Sixteenth Century Journal 9 (1978):3-26.
“Melchior von Meckau: A Missing Link in the Eck Zins-Disputes of 1514-1516?,” Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 74 (1983): 25-37.
“Fear and Confession on the Eve of the Reformation,” Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 75 (1984): 153-75.
“Was Art Really the ‘Book of the Illiterate’?,” Word & Image 5 (1989): 227-51, reprinted in Reading Images and Texts Medieval Images and Texts as Forms of Communication, eds. Marielle Hageman and Marco Mostert. (Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2005), pp. 63-107.
“‘For Force is Not of God’? Compulsion and Conversion from Yahweh to Charlemagne,” Varieties of Religious Conversion in the Middle Ages, edited by James Muldoon. (University Press of Florida, 1997), pp. 49-62.
“Reflections on “Was Art Really the ‘Book of the Illiterate’?,” in Reading Images and Texts. Medieval Images and Texts as Forms of Communication, eds. Marielle Hageman and Marco Mostert, Utrecht Studies in Medieval Literacy 8 (Turnhout, 2005), pp. 201-09.
“Were Nicholas V and Pius II Really Renaissance Popes?,” in Where Heaven and Earth Meet, Essays on Medieval Europe in Honor of Daniel F. Callahan, eds. Michael Frassetto, Matthew Gabriele and John D. Hosler. (Brill, 2014), pp. 63-78.
“Armsbearing By The Clergy In The History Of The Canon Law Of The Episcopal Church In The United States,” Anglican and Episcopal History 86/3 (Sept. 2017): 247-271.
"The Evolution of Latin Canon Law on Clergy and Armsbearing to the Thirteenth Century," in Between Sword and Prayer. Warfare and Medieval Clergy in Cultural Perspective, eds. Radoslaw Kotecki et al. (Brill, 2018), pp. 497-516.
"Armsbearing and the Clergy and the Fourth Lateran Council," in The Fourth Lateran Council and the Ius commune, eds. Atria Larson and Andrea Massironi (Brepols, 2018), pp. 63-75.
Move this whole section up, swapping places with the section above it.