Ph.D.

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Ph.D. Recipients and their advisors, 2018

​​

The Ph.D. in History from the University of Delaware brings together our department’s passion for historical research, our interdisciplinary partnerships, and our deep commitment to training the next generation of scholars. Students in the Ph.D. program include Hagley ScholarsAmerican Civilization Fellows, and students pursuing the Ph.D. in American, European, and other fields. Many of our Ph.D. students also earn the Certificate in Museum Studies. Our students can participate in the opportunities offered by  The African American Public Humanities Initiative, an interdisciplinary program that integrates the disciplines of English, History, Africana Studies, and Art History with an intentional focus on training students for a broad range of careers in and beyond the academy. We take pride in the collegiality of our graduate program and foster opportunities for professional development, summer internships, research funding, and conference participation. Our graduates have an excellent job placement record.

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Program Requirements

The degree of Doctor of Philosophy recognizes the candidate’s command of specific fields of history as well as the ability to conceive and execute a Ph.D. dissertation. After completing course work and successfully passing qualifying exams, Ph.D. students work under the supervision of a dissertation director and faculty committee to complete a major research project that produces new historical knowledge or reshapes existing historical understanding.

( Download full document here: History Graduate Program Guidelines​)

The Ph.D. track students must fulfill the following requirements:

 

 

4b. PREPARATION<div class="ExternalClassAD7F0AA52C764618BEB2834640CBCDF7"><p>Preparation for qualifying exams begins when students enter the program; all course work and additional reading provides the groundwork for successful exams. They may supplement regular courses by auditing undergraduate history courses and by taking graduate courses offered in other departments for credit. (Courses from other departments cannot be counted toward the requirement of four reading courses. Students may petition the GSC to make an exception to that rule.) Students should also enhance their knowledge through teaching assistantships at the survey level.  </p><p>Full-time students admitted to the Ph.D. program must take qualifying exams during the fall of their third year. To be eligible, they must resolve incompletes and complete language exam(s) by <strong>September 1</strong>.  </p><p>In their second year, students will form their examining committees. It is their responsibility to consult with their advisers during the third semester of coursework and to ask three professors to direct individual fields and serve as an examining committee. At least two committee members will be History Department faculty. A faculty person from History or another department at the University of Delaware may supervise the third field. The student’s adviser will normally serve as coordinator of the exam committee. If the adviser is not part of the examining committee, a coordinator will be chosen by their committee members.   </p><p>Each student will have a Primary field and two Secondary fields. Lists for the Primary field will comprise approximately 60-80 books or their equivalent in articles, from the student’s principal area of research. Working in close collaboration with the faculty member, the student will develop a list that prepares him or her to answer broadly historiographical questions about the field and to write a prospectus for a dissertation that will, ultimately, contribute to that field. Lists for Secondary fields will comprise approximately 30-40 books or their equivalent in articles. One secondary field will cover a topic, theme, or period of history related to but distinct from the primary field. The other secondary field will be geographically comparative to the other two fields and/or will be from another discipline (such as Art History or English). These fields provide broad coverage of a topic, may prepare a student to teach courses, and may also contribute to the student’s preparation for the dissertation prospectus.   </p><p>Students will submit their proposed fields, and identify the faculty members who have agreed to supervise each field, to the Graduate Program Academic Support Coordinator no later than <strong>April 15</strong> of their second year (4th semester). The Graduate Studies Committee will meet to review the proposed fields. In particular, the GSC will determine if the fields demonstrate a reasonable breadth of coverage, topically and chronologically. In other words, the GSC will likely not approve three fields that all cover 1918-1939, nor will it approve three fields that are all focused on the American West. Rather, the GSC will encourage breadth whenever possible. </p><p><strong><em>Examples</em></strong></p><blockquote dir="ltr" style="padding:0px;margin-top:0px;margin-right:0px;margin-bottom:0px;"><p><em>Primary Field: American Capitalism, 1812-1973 <br>Secondary Field A: American Religion in the 20th Century <br>Secondary Field B: European Modernisms  </em></p><p><em>Primary Field: American Slavery <br>Secondary Field A: African American History, 1865-1945 <br>Secondary Field B: Literature of the African Diaspora  </em></p><p><em>Primary Field: 19th Century American Material Culture <br>Secondary Field A: American Consumer Culture, 1870-1970 <br>Secondary Field B: Art History in the Age of Empire   </em></p><p><em>Primary Field: Comparative Imperialisms <br>Secondary Field A: Europe, 1919-1939 <br>Secondary Field B: North Africa in the 19th century or The United States, 1919-1939</em>  </p></blockquote><p>Once students have prepared lists, members of the examination committee will help them prepare in each field. The examining committee as a whole shall ensure that the student’s three fields are sufficiently broad, diverse, and distinct. The entire examining committee will also approve all questions for the written exam.</p></div>
4. Passage of Qualifying Exams.<div class="ExternalClassF33E717153DC43ECB6974B0F2FD39667"><p> <br></p></div>
4a. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE <div class="ExternalClass9C67AA5A01DB45DBA56ADD8669B1AB39"><p>Doctoral education in history aims at training scholars who perform at the highest level, historians whose dissertations contribute significantly to our understanding of the past and whose skills as teachers and public historians engage their audiences. To serve that end, qualifying examinations test four kinds of knowledge: historical content, historiography, method, and theory. Their purpose is to assess each student’s understanding of three fields, framed in conjunction with faculty.  </p><p><br>Qualifying examinations give students the opportunity to demonstrate that they have acquired essential intellectual skills from course work, that they are prepared to begin their dissertations, and that they can meet professional standards. By immersing themselves in exam preparation, students develop expertise and confidence that help them write dissertations and sustain their future careers. ​</p></div>
2. Professional Development Portfolio:<div class="ExternalClassEAF12343BDF94CDC9952AEDE3F818E16"><p>Every entering Ph.D. student will begin to keep a portfolio of his or her accomplishments in courses, teaching, and professional development during matriculation in the graduate program. The portfolio, which will serve multiple purposes, will include a number of important items (see below) that students will be responsible for compiling, providing students with a tangible vehicle to participate in progressing toward candidacy. The Chair of the Graduate Studies Committee reviews the portfolio as part of the post-3rd semester review. The portfolio is used to gage whether a student is prepared well enough to move forward to the Qualifying Exams taken in the fall semester of the 3rd year. In addition, the Graduate Studies Committee may ask for a student’s portfolio when it is considering nominations for awards during the pre-doctoral years, and students may wish to share their portfolio with faculty who are supporting their applications for grants, internships, and jobs. Finally, the portfolio may be an important part of the job interviewing process later in students’ careers. <br></p><p>The portfolio for second year Ph.D. students should include the following organized in a three ring binder: </p><p> a. Table of contents <br>b. Current C.V. <br>c. Research and writing seminar papers, including all faculty comments. Students may wish to include additional seminar papers, extended review essays, internship reports, and other significant research done while matriculating in the department. <br>d. Unofficial transcript of UD coursework <br>e. Brief letter from the student’s prospective dissertation advisor and as appropriate, a letter from the Hagley, American Civilization, or AAPHI director, certifying that the student has made satisfactory progress and that the faculty member has agreed to direct the primary field of the Ph.D. qualifying exam.  </p><p>As the student progresses beyond coursework, the following may be added: <br></p><p>f. Syllabi of courses designed and taught by the student while matriculating in the History Department. Students may choose to include course evaluations, but these are not required. Syllabi of courses for which the student was a Teaching Assistant should not be included. <br>g. Qualifying exam reading lists, exam essays, and faculty comments on essays. <br>h. Successful grant and fellowship applications, awards, and prizes won during the period of matriculation. <br>i. Publications and manuscripts submitted for review; conference papers <br>j. A statement about the student’s dissertation interests and expected next steps towards the prospectus, which should be written in consultation with the student’s advisor <br></p></div>
6. Presentation of Dissertation-Based Research Paper - Dissertation in Progress and Occasional Papers (DIPSOP):<div class="ExternalClass833A7263F771419A979D7A2D20AF2D11"><p><span style="font:400 15px/24px "secondary", "arial", sans-serif;text-align:left;color:#464646;text-transform:none;text-indent:0px;letter-spacing:normal;text-decoration:none;word-spacing:0px;display:inline !important;white-space:normal;float:none;background-color:transparent;">Within one year of passing the qualifying exams, each student will present a research paper, based on his or her dissertation, to a departmental assembly of graduate students and faculty members. Two commentators, one a graduate student and one a faculty member will lead a discussion session of the paper. The faculty commentator should not be the student’s advisor, but may be someone from the dissertation committee.</span><br></p></div>
5. Prospectus Defense:<div class="ExternalClass3E2F6628F26A4F38BD3FC077FBB99B99"><p><span style="font:400 15px/24px "secondary", "arial", sans-serif;text-align:left;color:#464646;text-transform:none;text-indent:0px;letter-spacing:normal;text-decoration:none;word-spacing:0px;display:inline !important;white-space:normal;float:none;background-color:transparent;">During the spring of their third year, students who have passed their qualifying exams must submit a written dissertation prospectus to their dissertation directors and hold a prospectus defense.</span><br></p></div>
1. Complete 30 credits of graduate work, of which at least 24 credits must be in history. The history credits must include the following: <div class="ExternalClass9ACD55D1D64F4E9384F6A51760EF845E"><p>● Students in their first semester will take the HIST600 "Approaches to History" course.<br>● Five reading seminars: With the approval of the Chair of Graduate Studies, a<span id="ms-rterangecursor-start"></span><span id="ms-rterangecursor-end"></span> HIST666 component of an undergraduate lecture course may count as a reading seminar. Such approval will be given only when a HIST666 component includes regular "mini-seminar” meetings to discuss graduate level readings. <br>● Two research seminars <br>● Transfer Credits: Students may petition the Graduate Studies Committee to accept up to nine credits of course work taken at another institution as long as the credits were not used to complete another degree. If the credits were used to complete another degree then the Department may choose to substitute other courses in place of those accounted for by transfer credits. In the latter case, no credits are transferred, but the requirements are modified so that the student avoids repeating courses they’ve had elsewhere. In neither case will substitution be permitted or credit given for research seminars taken elsewhere. </p></div>
3. Demonstration of Reading Competence in a Foreign Language:<div class="ExternalClassD06469056387448DA22D2D82EB340C1C"><p><span style="font:400 15px/24px "secondary", "arial", sans-serif;text-align:left;color:#464646;text-transform:none;text-indent:0px;letter-spacing:normal;text-decoration:none;word-spacing:0px;display:inline !important;white-space:normal;float:none;background-color:transparent;">Entering Ph.D. track students are encouraged to take a language examination as soon as possible and are expected to have met their language requirement before taking the qualifying exams in the fall of their third year. Students may retake a language examination until receiving a passing grade. Foreign language competence will be demonstrated by successfully translating two passages of a foreign language chosen by the student during a scheduled two-hour exam in the history department conference room.</span><br></p></div>
4c. FORMAT, EVALUATION, AND APPEALS <div class="ExternalClass62B28985EF544C8DB9FB527FED2358BE"><p>Doctoral qualifying examinations consist of a take-home written examination followed by an oral examination.   </p><div style="text-align:left;"></div><p style="text-align:left;"><strong>Written Examination: Guidelines</strong> <br>The written exam process will begin during the last week of September and consist of two, week-long take-home exams. During Week 1 of the exam process, students will write two essays in response to questions about the Primary field. During Week 2, students will write two essays, one for each of the two Secondary fields. At least one week before the exam process begins, faculty directing a Primary field will submit three to five questions (plus one question that the Graduate Program Academic Support Coordinator will hold “in reserve” in the event of a retake), and faculty directing a Secondary field will submit two to four questions (plus one question that the Graduate Program Academic Support Coordinator will hold “in reserve” in the event of a retake). The Graduate Program Academic Support Coordinator will send students the relevant set(s) of questions by 9:00 AM on the Monday of the exam week, and students will have until 5:00 PM Friday of that week to submit two essays. Each essay will consist of no more than 3,000 words (excluding citations) and should not be substantially shorter. Students must submit exams electronically to their entire committee, as well as to the Graduate Program Academic Support Coordinator. <em>Students who need special accommodations may petition the GSC for additional time. </em> </p><p style="text-align:left;">Examinees may use books, articles, and other resources in writing their essays. Throughout the examination process, they may seek clarification of the questions from the examiners but may not otherwise discuss their essays with anyone. Examinees are responsible for doing their own work in accordance with the code of academic conduct set forth by the University’s Office of Student Conduct.  </p><p style="text-align:left;"><strong>Written Examination: Evaluation </strong><br>Individual examiners will determine whether the student has demonstrated proficiency in the field. A passing exam should demonstrate competence in history, historiography, and critical historical thinking. Each essay must include a thesis and a cogent analytical framework. </p><p style="text-align:left;">Members of the exam committee will evaluate the essays in the fields they are directing and assign a grade: high pass, pass, or fail. Each committee member will also read all of the other essays the student has written for his or her other two fields. Committee members will meet to discuss the written exam unless they agree unanimously that no meeting is necessary. Committee members will submit their written reports to the committee chair, the Director of Graduate Studies, and the Graduate Program Academic Support Coordinator within one week of the exam’s conclusion. The Graduate Program Academic Support Coordinator will send copies of all three reports to the student.</p><p style="text-align:left;">Any student who fails two or more essays will not advance in the program. A student who receives a failing grade on one essay will be allowed to retake that portion of the written exam during the following week. He or she will be given an alternate essay question.</p><p style="text-align:left;">Once a student has passed all four essays (but not later than the end of October), he or she will advance to the oral exam.   </p><p style="text-align:left;"><strong>Oral Examination: Guidelines </strong><br>The examining committee will administer a two-hour oral examination within two weeks of the written exam (by early November at the latest). The oral exam is both a test of the students’ knowledge and of their ability to think quickly and express ideas coherently. Examinees may be asked to discuss their answers on the written exam, questions posed on the written exam that they did not choose to answer, topics or questions from any of their fields or reading lists, and their dissertation plans.<br><br></p><p style="text-align:left;"><strong>Oral Examination: Evaluation </strong><br>Once a student passes the oral examination by unanimous agreement of committee members, the chair of the committee will report on the results of the exam to the Director of Graduate Studies and petition the GSC for advancement to candidacy. After the oral exams are completed, the GSC will hold a “scrutiny meeting” to determine if the student is qualified to advance to candidacy based on his/her overall performance in the program and prospect for future success. The Graduate Program Academic Support Coordinator will submit the appropriate paperwork to the Office of Graduate and Professional Education for advancement to candidacy after the GSC has held its scrutiny meeting. Once their paperwork is approved the student will then be registered in Doctoral Sustaining until graduation.  <br>If a student fails the oral exam, he or she may retake it within two weeks, but <strong>not later than December 15.</strong>  </p><p style="text-align:left;"><strong>Appeals </strong><br>If a student wishes to contest the examining committee’s judgment, or if a committee member disagrees with the judgment of the rest of the committee, or if the committee as a whole cannot agree about the outcome of an exam, the student may submit a statement of grounds for an appeal to the Graduate Studies Committee. All GSC members will read the exam, the committee members’ comments, and the appellant’s statement. If a majority of the GSC disagrees with the judgment of the examining committee it will constitute a new examining committee, which may or may not include members of the existing examination committee. The student will retake all disputed portions of the exam. ​</p></div>
7. Completion of a Ph.D. Dissertation:<div class="ExternalClass44879B1B3D4E4A8B8F7E06A9A8077CB6"><p style="margin:0px 0px 10px;padding:0px;outline:currentcolor 0px;border:0px #464646;text-align:left;color:#464646;text-transform:none;line-height:24px;text-indent:0px;letter-spacing:normal;font-size:15px;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;font-weight:400;text-decoration:none;word-spacing:0px;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:normal;background-color:transparent;">The dissertation must make a significant contribution to historical knowledge, uphold professional standards of research and interpretation, and be written in clear, well-organized English prose.</p><p style="margin:0px 0px 10px;padding:0px;outline:currentcolor 0px;border:0px #464646;text-align:left;color:#464646;text-transform:none;line-height:24px;text-indent:0px;letter-spacing:normal;font-size:15px;font-style:normal;font-variant:normal;font-weight:400;text-decoration:none;word-spacing:0px;vertical-align:baseline;white-space:normal;background-color:transparent;">The dissertation is written under the guidance of a dissertation director and three other faculty members who together constitute the student’s dissertation committee.Composition of this committee must be approved by the Graduate Studies Committee; at least one faculty member of the dissertation committee must be from outside the department. The candidate must defend the dissertation before the Dissertation Committee in a forum that is open to the University as a whole. This oral defense, which is chaired by the dissertation director, is concerned with the content, methodology, and significance of the dissertation.<br></p></div>

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Fields of Study

American History: The Department offers a broad range of courses in United States political, social, cultural, and economic history, as well as in the history of gender, race relations, and political economy. Faculty expertise makes possible study in all periods and most fields of American history.

European History: The Department sponsors reading and research in the history of Western Europe and Russia. Students may also specialize in Medieval and Renaissance or in modern European history.

World & Comparative History: The Department offers a variety of opportunities for comparative and transnational studies of slavery, commerce, and culture of the transatlantic world, and global patterns of industrialization.

Other Fields of History: The Department offers a growing number of courses in Ancient, African, Asian, and Latin American, Middle Eastern history, and material culture. Although these fields are not now available for major concentration at the Ph.D. level, students can arrange to minor in any of these fields.

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Placement Record

The Department has a highly successful placement record. After completing their degree, students go on to careers in the academy as well as in a diverse range of fields.

Placements of graduates in the last five years include:

• Curator, Forest Hills Educational Trust

• Assistant Professor, Wesley College

• Archives & Digital Initiatives Manager, School of Architecture, Princeton University

• History Teacher, Bryn Mawr School (Baltimore, MD)

• Executive Director, Hanover (MA) Historical Society

• Lecturer, York College (PA)

List of Graduate Placements

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Media Right/Left-Align

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