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Heterosexual Histories HistoriesDavis, RebeccaMichele MitchellNew York University Press2021<p>​<strong>The history of heterosexuality in North America across four centuries<br></strong></p><p><strong></strong>Heterosexuality is usually regarded as something inherently “natural”—but what<em> is</em> heterosexuality, and how has it taken shape across the centuries? By challenging ahistorical approaches to the heterosexual subject, <em>Heterosexual Histories</em> constructs a new framework for the history of heterosexuality, examining unexplored assumptions and insisting that not only sex but race, class, gender, age, and geography matter to its past. Each of the fourteen essays in this volume examines the history of heterosexuality from a different angle, seeking to study this topic in a way that recognizes plurality, divergence, and inequity.</p><p>Editors Rebecca L. Davis and Michele Mitchell have formed a collection that spans four centuries, addressing the many different racial groups, geographies, and subcultures of heterosexuality in North America. The essays range across disciplines with experts from various fields examining heterosexuality from unique perspectives: a historian shows how defining heterosexuality, sex, and desire were integral to the formation of British America and the process of colonization; a legal scholar examines the connections between race, sexual citizenship, and nonmarital motherhood; a gender studies expert analyzes the Clinton-Lewinsky scandal, and explores the intersections of heterosexuality with shame and second-wave feminism. Together, these essays explain how differently earlier Americans understood the varieties of gender and different-sex sexuality, how heterosexuality emerged as a dominant way of describing gender, and how openly many people acknowledged and addressed heterosexuality’s fragility.</p><p>By contesting presumptions of heterosexuality’s stability or consistency, <em>Heterosexual Histories</em> opens the historical record to interrogations of the raced, classed, and gendered varieties of heterosexuality and considers the implications of heterosexuality’s multiplicities and changes. Providing both a sweeping historical survey and concentrated case studies, <em>Heterosexual Histories</em> is a crucial addition to the field of sexuality studies.</p>
The Blood of the Colony: Wine and the Rise and Fall of French Algeria of the colony.jpg11The Blood of the Colony: Wine and the Rise and Fall of French AlgeriaWhite, OwenHarvard University Press2021<p><strong>The surprising story of the wine industry’s role in the rise of French Algeria and the fall of empire.</strong></p><p>“We owe to wine a blessing far more precious than gold: the peopling of Algeria with Frenchmen,” stated agriculturist Pierre Berthault in the early 1930s. In the last decades of the nineteenth century, Europeans had displaced Algerians from the colony’s best agricultural land and planted grape vines. Soon enough, wine was the primary export of a region whose mostly Muslim inhabitants didn’t drink alcohol.</p><p>Settlers made fortunes while drawing large numbers of Algerians into salaried work for the first time. But the success of Algerian wine resulted in friction with French producers, challenging the traditional view that imperial possessions should complement, not compete with, the metropole. By the middle of the twentieth century, amid the fight for independence, Algerians had come to see the rows of vines as an especially hated symbol of French domination. After the war, Algerians had to decide how far they would go to undo the transformations the colonists had wrought—including the world’s fourth-biggest wine industry. <strong>Owen White</strong> examines Algeria’s experiment with nationalized wine production in worker-run vineyards, the pressures that resulted in the failure of that experiment, and the eventual uprooting of most of the country’s vines.</p><p>With a special focus on individual experiences of empire, from the wealthiest Europeans to the poorest laborers in the fields, <em>The Blood of the Colony</em> shows the central role of wine in the economic life of French Algeria and in its settler culture. White makes clear that the industry left a long-term mark on the development of the nation.</p>
Zhong Mei Xiangyu: Daguo waijiao yu Wanqing xingshuai, 1784–1911 中美相遇:大国外交与晚清兴衰, 1784–1911 (The meeting of China and the United States: Power diplomacy and the rise and fall of Late Qing, 1784–1911) Wang.jpg107Zhong Mei Xiangyu: Daguo waijiao yu Wanqing xingshuai, 1784–1911 中美相遇:大国外交与晚清兴衰, 1784–1911 (The meeting of China and the United States: Power diplomacy and the rise and fall of Late Qing, 1784–1911)Wang, Yuanchong Shanghai: Wenhui chubanshe2021<p>The book reviews the changes of Sino-American relations between 1784, when the first American ship <em>Empress of China</em> arrived in Canton, and 1911, when the Qing Dynasty of China collapsed, with the aim of examining the great transformation of the foreign relations and the modernization of modern China and East Asia in the long nineteenth century. It discusses many historical cases that exerted lasting impacts on the Sino-American relationship in the era dominated by global capitalism, colonialism, and imperialism. It also reveals some stories about the Chinese immigrants in the United States that have been long neglected by the historiography as well as collective memory in both nations. The last chapter further explores the robust communications between the Chinese court ladies and the Western ministers' wives living in Peking in the 1900s.</p>
Disability and the Victorians Attitudes, interventions, legacies and the Victorians Attitudes, interventions, legaciesVirdi, JaipreetIain Hutchison and Martin AthertonManchester University Press2020<p>​Disability and the Victorians brings together in one collection a range of topics, perspectives and experiences from the Victorian era that present a unique overview of the development and impact of attitudes and interventions towards those with impairments during this time. The collection also considers how the legacies of these actions can be seen to have continued throughout the twentieth century right up to the present day. Subjects addressed include deafness, blindness, language delay, substance dependency, imperialism and the representation of disabled characters in popular fiction. These varied topics illustrate how common themes can be found in how Victorian philanthropists and administrators responded to those under their care. Often character, morality and the chance to be restored to productivity and usefulness overrode medical need and this both influenced and reflected wider societal views of impairment and inability.</p>
Hearing Happiness Deafness Cures in History Happiness Deafness Cures in HistoryVirdi, JaipreetUniversity of Chicago Press2020<p>​At the age of four, Jaipreet Virdi’s world went silent. A severe case of meningitis left her alive but deaf, suddenly treated differently by everyone. Her deafness downplayed by society and doctors, she struggled to “pass” as hearing for most of her life. Countless cures, treatments, and technologies led to dead ends. Never quite deaf enough for the Deaf community or quite hearing enough for the “normal” majority, Virdi was stuck in aural limbo for years. It wasn’t until her thirties, exasperated by problems with new digital hearing aids, that she began to actively assert her deafness and reexamine society’s—and her own—perception of life as a deaf person in America.   </p><p>Through lyrical history and personal memoir, <em>Hearing Happiness </em>raises pivotal questions about deafness in American society and the endless quest for a cure. Taking us from the 1860s up to the present, Virdi combs archives and museums in order to understand the long history of curious cures: ear trumpets, violet ray apparatuses, vibrating massagers, electrotherapy machines, airplane diving, bloodletting, skull hammering, and many more. Hundreds of procedures and products have promised grand miracles but always failed to deliver a universal cure—a harmful legacy that is still present in contemporary biomedicine. <br></p><p>Weaving Virdi’s own experiences together with her exploration into the fascinating history of deafness cures, <em>Hearing Happiness </em>is a powerful story that America needs to hear.</p>
Unceasing Militant: The Life of Mary Church Terrell Militant: The Life of Mary Church TerrellParker, AlisonThe University of North Carolina Press2020<p>Born into slavery during the Civil War, Mary Church Terrell (1863–1954) would become one of the most prominent activists of her time, with a career bridging the late nineteenth century to the civil rights movement of the 1950s. The first president of the National Association of Colored Women and a founding member of the NAACP, Terrell collaborated closely with the likes of Frederick Douglass, Ida B. Wells, and W. E. B. Du Bois.<em> Unceasing Militant</em> is the first full-length biography of Terrell, bringing her vibrant voice and personality to life. Though most accounts of Terrell focus almost exclusively on her public activism, Alison M. Parker also looks at the often turbulent, unexplored moments in her life to provide a more complete account of a woman dedicated to changing the culture and institutions that perpetuated inequality throughout the United States.</p>Drawing on newly discovered letters and diaries, Parker weaves together the joys and struggles of Terrell's personal, private life with the challenges and achievements of her public, political career, producing a stunning portrait of an often-under recognized political leader.<p>Reviews:<br></p><p>"<em>Unceasing Militant</em> is an admiring yet fair tribute to activist Mary Church Terrell, whose sustained, determined belief is inspiring."--<em>Foreword Reviews</em></p><p>"Kudos to Alison Parker for her vivid portrait of the unparalleled Mary Church Terrell. In a life lived between 1863 and the end of slavery and 1954 and the birth of modern civil rights, Terrell used 'dignified agitation' to wage a freedom struggle against lynching and racism and in support of women’s votes, equal education, antiwar efforts, and civil rights. Parker does a deep dive into the archives to fashion a compelling life-and-times portrait that places Terrell and black women’s politics where they should be: at the heart of nearly every important social movement of the twentieth century. In this ambitious and timely biography, Parker finally gives Terrell the sustained scholarly attention she deserves."--Martha S. Jones, author of <em>Vanguard: How Black Women Broke Barriers, Won the Vote, and Insisted on Equality for All</em></p><p>"I so appreciate Alison Parker's ability to tell the story of Mary Church Terrell's brave and courageous life with a sense of critical compassion."--Ula Taylor, author of <em>The Promise of Patriarchy: Women and the Nation of Islam</em></p><p>"Mary Church Terrell is one of the most important hidden figures of the twentieth century, and Alison Parker's keen yet warm historical eye allows Terrell's life story to blossom. A proudly African American woman born into slavery and raised in freedom, Terrell bore witness to the rise and fall of Jim Crow over a life that spanned almost a century. There is something in Terrell's story for every reader interested in twentieth-century social movements--civil rights, women's rights, prison reform, women's health advocacy, Pan-Africanism, human rights between the two World Wars, and U.S. presidential politics."--Nikki Brown, author of <em>Private Politics and Public Voices:  Black Women’s Activism from World War I to the New Deal</em></p><p>"This is a wonderful biography of a foundational figure in the history of U.S. civil rights."--Anastasia Curwood, author of <em>Stormy Weather: Middle-Class African American Marriages between the Two World Wars</em></p>
Mexican Waves: Radio Broadcasting Along Mexico’s Northern Border, 1930–1950 book.jpg83Mexican Waves: Radio Broadcasting Along Mexico’s Northern Border, 1930–1950Robles, SoniaThe University of Arizona Press2019<p>​Mexican Waves is the fascinating history of how borderlands radio stations shaped the identity of an entire region as they addressed the needs of the local population and fluidly reached across borders to the United States. In so doing, radio stations created a new market of borderlands consumers and worked both within and outside the constraints of Mexican and U.S. laws. </p><p>Historian Sonia Robles examines the transnational business practices of Mexican radio entrepreneurs between the Golden Age of radio and the early years of television history. Intersecting Mexican history and diaspora studies with communications studies, this book explains how Mexican radio entrepreneurs targeted the Mexican population in the United States decades before U.S. advertising agencies realized the value of the Spanish-language market. </p><p>Robles’s robust transnational research weaves together histories of technology, performance, entrepreneurship, and business into a single story. Examining the programming of northern Mexican commercial radio stations, the book shows how radio stations from Tijuana to Matamoros courted Spanish-language listeners in the U.S. Southwest and local Mexican audiences between 1930 and 1950. Robles deftly demonstrates Mexico’s role in creating the borderlands, adding texture and depth to the story. <br></p><p>Scholars and students of radio, Spanish-language media in the United States, communication studies, Mexican history, and border studies will see how Mexican radio shaped the region’s development and how transnational listening communities used broadcast media’s unique programming to carve out a place for themselves as consumers and citizens of Mexico and the United States.</p>
The Archaeological Survey of the Desert Roads between Berenike and the Nile Valley Expeditions by the University of Michigan and the University of Delaware to the Eastern Desert of Egypt, 1987-2015 Archaeological Survey of the Desert Roads between Berenike and the Nile Valley Expeditions by the University of Michigan and the University of Delaware to the Eastern Desert of Egypt, 1987-2015Sidebotham, StevenJennifer E. Gates-Foster and Jean-Louis G. RivardAmerican Schools of Oriental Research2019<p>​The publication of the Eastern Desert Roads Surveys brings together the research of two survey projects, the Michigan-Assiut Koptos-Eastern Desert Project and the University of Delaware-Leiden University Eastern Desert Surveys. From 1987 to 2001 and intermittently thereafter until 2015, these two survey teams worked independently to explore and document the archaeological remains along the routes connecting the Nile Valley cities of Koptos (modern Qift) and Apollinopolis Magna (modern Edfu) to the Red Sea port city of Berenike in Egypt. The result of these surveys was the documentation of seventy discrete archaeological sites ranging in date from the late Dynastic to the Late Roman periods, with many sites demonstrating long-term, multi-period occupation. The survey also recorded road sections, route marking cairns and graves/cemeteries.</p><p>This monograph brings together and integrates the discoveries of both teams, presenting a coherent analysis of the extensive surveys and the materials documented by each. Emphasis is placed on the physical setting of each site, its material remains--including preserved architecture, pottery and other surface finds--and relevant textual evidence, such as inscriptions, ostraka and related historical texts. A single chapter in gazetteer form is devoted to the sites themselves (excluding mines and quarries, which form a separate chapter), while other chapters present the geology of the region and ancient mines and quarries, which made use of the road network, the pottery evidence by phase, and specialist studies. An Introductory chapter offers historical and disciplinary context for the surveys and their subjects, tying the Berenike-Nile roads surveys into the corpus of archaeological surveys in Egypt and the wider Mediterranean world.</p>
Kenyatta and Britain An Account of Political Transformation, 1929-1963 and Britain An Account of Political Transformation, 1929-1963Maloba, Wunyabari Palgrave Macmillan, 20182018<p>​This book is the first systematic political history of Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya’s founding president. The first of two parts, it explores Kenyatta’s formative years in nationalist activism in Kenya and Britain, the complex links between colonial and British intelligence services and Kenyatta’s career and the political compromise he forged between Kenya and Britain. This book draws on primary sources to analyze this compromise, which marked his transformation from "leader to darkness and death" to the most beloved post-colonial African leader in the West.</p>
Remaking the Chinese Empire: Manchu-Korean Relations, 1616–1911 the Chinese Empire: Manchu-Korean Relations, 1616–1911Wang, Yuanchong Cornell University Press2018<p><em>A 2019 CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title</em></p><p><em>Remaking the Chinese Empire</em> examines China’s development from an empire into a modern state through the lens of Sino-Korean political relations during the Qing period. Incorporating Korea into the historical narrative of the Chinese empire, it demonstrates that the Manchu regime used its relations with Chosŏn Korea to establish, legitimize, and consolidate its identity as the civilized center of the world, as a cosmopolitan empire, and as a modern sovereign state.</p><p>For the Manchu regime and for the Chosŏn Dynasty, the relationship was one of mutual dependence, central to building and maintaining political legitimacy. Yuanchong Wang illuminates how this relationship served as the very model for China’s foreign relations. Ultimately, this precipitated contests, conflicts, and compromises among empires and states in East Asia, Inner Asia, and Southeast Asia – in particular, in the nineteenth century when international law reached the Chinese world. By adopting a long-term and cross-border perspective on high politics at the empire’s core and periphery, Wang revises our understanding of the rise and transformation of the last imperial dynasty of China. His work reveals new insights on the clashes between China’s foreign relations system and its Western counterpart, imperialism and colonialism in the Chinese world, and the formation of modern sovereign states in East Asia. Most significantly, <em>Remaking the Chinese Empire</em> breaks free of the established, national history-oriented paradigm, establishing a new paradigm through which to observe and analyze the Korean impact on the Qing Dynasty.</p>
Russians in Iran: Diplomacy and Power in the Qajar Era and Beyond in Iran: Diplomacy and Power in the Qajar Era and BeyondMatthee, RudiElena AndreevaI.B. Tauris2018<p>​Russians in Iran seeks to challenge the traditional narrative regarding Russian involvement Iran and to show that whilst Russia's historical involvement in Iran is longstanding it is nonetheless much misunderstood. Russia's influence in Iran between 1800 and the middle of the twentieth century is not simply a story of inexorable intrusion and domination: rather, it is a complex and interactive process of mostly indirect control and constructive engagement. Drawing on fresh archival material, the contributors provide a window into the power and influence wielded in Iran not just by the Russian government through it traditional representatives but by Russian nationals operating in Iran in a variety of capacities, including individuals, bankers, and entrepreneurs. Russians in Iran reveals the multifaceted role that Russians have played in Iranian history and provides an original and important contribution to the history and international relations of Iran, Russia and the Middle East.</p>
Technocrats and the Politics of Drought and Development in Twentieth-Century Brazil and the Politics of Drought and Development in Twentieth-Century BrazilBuckley, EveThe University of North Carolina PressNorth Carolina2017<p>2018 Humanities Book Award, Brazil Section of the Latin American Studies Association</p><p>Honorable Mention, Warren Dean prize, Conference on Latin American History, 2018<br></p><p>Eve E. Buckley’s study of twentieth-century Brazil examines the nation’s hard social realities through the history of science, focusing on the use of technology and engineering as vexed instruments of reform and economic development. Nowhere was the tension between technocratic optimism and entrenched inequality more evident than in the drought-ridden Northeast<em> sertão</em>, plagued by chronic poverty, recurrent famine, and mass migrations. Buckley reveals how the physicians, engineers, agronomists, and mid-level technocrats working for federal agencies to combat drought were pressured by politicians to seek out a technological magic bullet that would both end poverty and obviate the need for land redistribution to redress long-standing injustices. </p><p>Scientists planned and oversaw huge projects including dam construction, irrigation for small farmers, and public health initiatives. They were, Buckley shows, sincerely determined to solve the drought crisis and improve the lot of poor people in the <em>sertão</em>. Over time, however, they came to the frustrating realization that, despite technology’s tantalizing promise of an apolitical means to end poverty, political collisions among competing stakeholders were inevitable. Buckley’s revelations about technocratic hubris, the unexpected consequences of environmental engineering, and constraints on scientists as agents of social change resonate with today’s hopes that science and technology can solve society’s most pressing dilemmas, including climate change.</p>
The Anatomy of Neo-Colonialism in Kenya British Imperialism and Kenyatta, 1963–1978 Anatomy of Neo-Colonialism in Kenya British Imperialism and Kenyatta, 1963–1978Maloba, Wunyabari Palgrave Macmillan2017<p>​The successor to <em>Kenyatta and Britain: An Account of Political Transformation, 1929-1963</em>, this book completes the first systematic political history of Jomo Kenyatta by examining the mechanisms of installing a neo-colonial regime in Kenya, and how such regimes were duplicated elsewhere in Africa. It analyzes the nature and extent of the collaboration between Kenyatta, Britain and Western intelligence services to install and protect his government in Kenya—a collaboration which is linked to some of Kenya's most intractable political, social and economic problems. Drawing heavily on primary sources, it examines the legacy of Kenyatta's regime, and how this legacy is felt in Kenya today.</p>
The British and Irish Ruling Class 1660-1945 Vol. 1 British and Irish Ruling Class 1660-1945 Vol. 1Wasson, EllisDe Gruyter (Open Access brought to you by University of Delaware)2017<p>​The book provides a comprehensive reference source for the governing class of Great Britain and Ireland from Oliver Cromwell to Winston Churchill, and offers a deep pool of data to support analysis of social, political, economic, and cultural history in the British Isles over the course of more than four centuries.</p>
The Power of Objects in Eighteenth-Century British America Power of Objects in Eighteenth-Century British AmericaVan Horn, JenniferUniversity of North Carolina Press for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture2017<p> </p><h4>Awards & distinctions</h4><p> </p><p>Finalist, 2018 George Washington Prize</p><p> </p><p>Honorable Mention, 2018 Louis Gottschalk Prize, American Society for Eighteenth Century Studies</p><p> </p><p> </p><p>Over the course of the eighteenth century, Anglo-Americans purchased an unprecedented number and array of goods.<em> The Power of Objects in Eighteenth-Century British America</em> investigates these diverse artifacts—from portraits and city views to gravestones, dressing furniture, and prosthetic devices—to explore how elite American consumers assembled objects to form a new civil society on the margins of the British Empire. In this interdisciplinary transatlantic study, artifacts emerge as key players in the formation of Anglo-American communities and eventually of American citizenship. Deftly interweaving analysis of images with furniture, architecture, clothing, and literary works, Van Horn reconstructs the networks of goods that bound together consumers in Boston, New York, Philadelphia, and Charleston.</p><p>Moving beyond emulation and the desire for social status as the primary motivators for consumption, Van Horn shows that Anglo-Americans’ material choices were intimately bound up with their efforts to distance themselves from Native Americans and African Americans. She also traces women’s contested place in forging provincial culture. As encountered through a woman’s application of makeup at her dressing table or an amputee’s donning of a wooden leg after the Revolutionary War, material artifacts were far from passive markers of rank or political identification. They made Anglo-American society.</p>
They Will Have Their Game Sporting Culture and the Making of the Early American Republic book.jpg20They Will Have Their Game Sporting Culture and the Making of the Early American RepublicCohen, KennethCornell University Press2017<p>In <em>They Will Have Their Game</em>, Kenneth Cohen explores how sports, drinking, gambling, and theater produced a sense of democracy while also reinforcing racial, gender, and class divisions in early America. Pairing previously unexplored financial records with a wide range of published reports, unpublished correspondence, and material and visual evidence, Cohen demonstrates how investors, participants, and professional managers and performers from all sorts of backgrounds saw these "sporting" activities as stages for securing economic and political advantage over others.</p><p><em>They Will Have Their Game</em> tracks the evolution of this fight for power from 1760 to 1860, showing how its roots in masculine competition and risk-taking gradually developed gendered and racial limits and then spread from leisure activities to the consideration of elections as "races" and business as a "game." The result reorients the standard narrative about the rise of commercial popular culture to question the influence of ideas such as "gentility" and "respectability," and to put men like P. T. Barnum at the end instead of the beginning of the process, unveiling a new take on the creation of the white male republic of the early nineteenth century in which sporting activities lie at the center and not the margins of economic and political history.</p>
1915 Diary of S. An-sky: A Russian Jewish Writer at the Eastern Front Diary of S. An-sky: A Russian Jewish Writer at the Eastern FrontZavadivker, PollyIndiana University Press2016<p>​S. An-sky was by the time of the First World War a well-known writer, a longtime revolutionary, and an ethnographer who pioneered the collection of Jewish folklore in Russia's Pale of Settlement. In 1915, An-sky took on the assignment of providing aid and relief to Jewish civilians trapped under Russian military occupation in Galicia. As he made his way through the shtetls there, close to the Austrian frontlines, he kept a diary of his encounters and impressions, written in Russian. His diary entries present a detailed reflection of his daily experiences. He describes conversations with wounded soldiers in hospitals, fellow Russian and Jewish aid workers, Russian military and civilian authorities, and Jewish civilians in Galicia and parts of the Pale. Although most of his diaries were lost, two fragments survived and are preserved in the Russian State Archive of Literature and Art. Translated and annotated here by Polly Zavadivker, these fragments convey An-sky's vivid firsthand descriptions of civilian and military life in wartime. He recorded the brutality and violence against the civilian population, the complexities of interethnic relations, the practices and limitations of philanthropy and medical care, Russification policies, and antisemitism. In the late 1910s, An-sky used his diaries as raw material for a lengthy memoir in Yiddish published under the title The Destruction of Galicia.</p>
Dalit Studies StudiesRawat, RamnarayanK. SatyanarayanaDuke University Press2016<p>​The contributors to this major intervention into Indian historiography trace the strategies through which Dalits have been marginalized as well as the ways Dalit intellectuals and leaders have shaped emancipatory politics in modern India. Moving beyond the anticolonialism/nationalism binary that dominates the study of India, the contributors assess the benefits of colonial modernity and place humiliation, dignity, and spatial exclusion at the center of Indian historiography. Several essays discuss the ways Dalits used the colonial courts and legislature to gain minority rights in the early twentieth century, while others highlight Dalit activism in social and religious spheres. The contributors also examine the struggle of contemporary middle-class Dalits to reconcile their caste and class, intercaste tensions among Sikhs, and the efforts by Dalit writers to challenge dominant constructions of secular and class-based citizenship while emphasizing the ongoing destructiveness of caste identity. In recovering the long history of Dalit struggles against caste violence, exclusion, and discrimination, <em>Dalit Studies</em> outlines a new agenda for the study of India, enabling a significant reconsideration of many of the Indian academy's core assumptions.</p>
Jerusalem and the Cross in the Life and Writings of Ademar of Chabannes and the Cross in the Life and Writings of Ademar of ChabannesCallahan, DanielBrille2016<p>​The tenth and eleventh centuries are pivotal for the history of the West. The writings of Ademar of Chabannes, many of which are still unpublished, offer numerous insights into why these changes were occurring. Because his promotion of the cult of St. Martial of Limoges contains much that is exaggerated or even untrue, his writings have been viewed with suspicion. What this book seeks to do is make clear that such distrust is justified, but that there is much material in those manuscripts throwing light on the origins of the crusades, the rise of heresy, the great feudal warfare and the reality of apocalyptic fear.</p>
Kosher USA: How Coke Became Kosher and Other Tales of Modern Food USA: How Coke Became Kosher and Other Tales of Modern FoodHorowitz, RogerColumbia University Press2016
Perspectives from the Past: Primary Sources in Western Civilizations, Vol 1 from the Past: Primary Sources in Western Civilizations, Vol 1Brophy, JamesJoshua Cole, John Robertson, Thomas Max Safley, and Carol SymesW.W. Norton2016
Perspectives from the Past: Primary Sources in Western Civilizations, Vol 2 from the Past: Primary Sources in Western Civilizations, Vol 2Brophy, JamesJoshua Cole, John Robertson, Thomas Max Safley, and Carol SymesW.W. Norton2016<p>​<em>Perspectives from the Past: Primary Sources in Western Civilizations</em> features a diverse range of primary sources for analysis, offering a total of 225 classic and contemporary documents of varying length.</p>
Portrait of a Woman in Silk: Hidden Histories of the British Atlantic World of a Woman in Silk: Hidden Histories of the British Atlantic WorldAnishanslin, ZaraYale University PressNew Haven2016<p>​Through the story of a portrait of a woman in a silk dress, historian Zara Anishanslin embarks on a fascinating journey, exploring and refining debates about the cultural history of the eighteenth-century British Atlantic world. While most scholarship on commodities focuses either on labor and production or on consumption and use, Anishanslin unifies both, examining the worlds of four identifiable people who produced, wore, and represented this object: a London weaver, one of early modern Britain’s few women silk designers, a Philadelphia merchant’s wife, and a New England painter.   Blending macro and micro history with nuanced gender analysis, Anishanslin shows how making, buying, and using goods in the British Atlantic created an object-based community that tied its inhabitants together, while also allowing for different views of the Empire. Investigating a range of subjects including self-fashioning, identity, natural history, politics, and trade, Anishanslin makes major contributions both to the study of material culture and to our ongoing conversation about how to write history.<br></p>
The Spanish Monarchy and Safavid Persia in the Early Modern Period. Politics, War and Religion Spanish Monarchy and Safavid Persia in the Early Modern Period. Politics, War and ReligionMatthee, RudiE. García and J. CutillasAlbatros, Valencia2016<p>​Relations between Spain and Persia in the Early Modern Period are often presented as the story of two bookends-one formed by the mission of Ruy González de Clavijo to the court of Tamerlane at the turn of the fifteenth century; the other represented by the embassy Don García de Silva y Figueroa undertook to the court of the Safavid Shah 'Abbas I on behalf of King Philip III between 1614 and 1624. The Iberian involvement with Persia in the two centuries between these two events is mostly told as a Portuguese, maritime-oriented one. This book is the first to break out of that mould. It addresses the various ways in which the Spanish crown sought and maintained contact with Persia, either independently or, after the creation of the Iberian Union in 1580, in consort with the Portuguese, in the sixteenth and the seventeenth centuries. We learn about the motley crew of men who sailed the Mediterranean or rounded the Cape on their way to the Safavid state, the diplomats who sought to lure the shah into a joint anti-Ottoman front, the missionaries who hoped to convert him and his subjects to the 'True Faith', the adventurers and spies who dreamed of strategic advantage and commercial control. The essays assembled here also examine the various initiatives launched by Persia's rulers towards the Spanish court, their proposals for military cooperation or the sale of silk. Originating as a conference held in 2013 at the Instituto de Historia del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas in Madrid, this volume thus sheds light on many little known aspects of the complex and multifaceted relationship between these two empires in the Early Modern Period.</p>
American Apostles: When Evangelicals Entered the World of Islam Apostles: When Evangelicals Entered the World of IslamHeyrman, ChristineHill and Wang2015<p><strong>The surprising tale of the first American Protestant missionaries to proselytize in the Muslim world</strong></p><p>In <em>American Apostles</em>, the Bancroft Prize-winning historian Christine Leigh Heyrman brilliantly chronicles the first fateful collision between American missionaries and the diverse religious cultures of the Levant. Pliny Fisk, Levi Parsons, Jonas King: though virtually unknown today, these three young New Englanders commanded attention across the United States two hundred years ago. Poor boys steeped in the biblical prophecies of evangelical Protestantism, they became the founding members of the Palestine mission and ventured to Ottoman Turkey, Egypt, and Syria, where they sought to expose the falsity of Muhammad's creed and to restore these bastions of Islam to true Christianity. Not only among the first Americans to travel throughout the Middle East, the Palestine missionaries also played a crucial role in shaping their compatriots' understanding of the Muslim world.As Heyrman shows, the missionaries thrilled their American readers with tales of crossing the Sinai on camel, sailing a canal boat up the Nile, and exploring the ancient city of Jerusalem. But their private journals and letters often tell a story far removed from the tales they spun for home consumption, revealing that their missions did not go according to plan. Instead of converting the Middle East, the members of the Palestine mission themselves experienced unforeseen spiritual challenges as they debated with Muslims, Jews, and Eastern Christians and pursued an elusive Bostonian convert to Islam. As events confounded their expectations, some of the missionaries developed a cosmopolitan curiosity about-even an appreciation of-Islam. But others devised images of Muslims for their American audiences that would both fuel the first wave of Islamophobia in the United States and forge the future character of evangelical Protestantism itself.</p><p><em>American Apostles </em>brings to life evangelicals' first encounters with the Middle East and uncovers their complicated legacy. The Palestine mission held the promise of acquainting Americans with a fuller and more accurate understanding of Islam, but ultimately it bolstered a more militant Christianity, one that became the unofficial creed of the United States over the course of the nineteenth century. The political and religious consequences of that outcome endure to this day.</p>
Stalin and the Lubianka: A Documentary History of the Political Police and Security Organs in the Soviet Union, 1922–1953 and the Lubianka: A Documentary History of the Political Police and Security Organs in the Soviet Union, 1922–1953Shearer, DavidVladimir KhaustovYale University Press2015<p>​This documentary history explores Joseph Stalin's relationship with, and manipulation of, the Soviet political police. The story follows the changing functions, organization, and fortunes of the political police and security organs from the early 1920s until Stalin's death in 1953, and it provides documented detail about how Stalin used these organs to achieve and maintain undisputed power. Although written as a narrative, it includes translations of more than 170 documents from Soviet archives.</p>
The First U.S. History Textbooks: Constructing and Disseminating the American Tale in the Nineteenth Century First U.S. History Textbooks: Constructing and Disseminating the American Tale in the Nineteenth CenturyJoyce, BarryRowman and Littlefield Press2015<p>​This book analyzes the common narrative residing in American History textbooks published in the first half of the 19th century. That story, what the author identifies as the American “creation” or “origins” narrative, is simultaneously examined as both historic and “mythic” in composition. It offers a fresh, multidisciplinary perspective on an enduring aspect of these works. The book begins with a provocative thesis that proposes the importance of the relationship between myth and history in the creation of America’s textbook narrative. It ends with a passionate call for a truly inclusive story of who Americans are and what Americans aspire to become. The book is organized into three related sections. The first section provides the context for the emergence of American History textbooks. It analyzes the structure and utility of these school histories within the context of antebellum American society and educational practices. The second section is the heart of the book. It recounts and scrutinizes the textbook narrative as it tells the story of America’s emergence from “prehistory” through the American Revolution—the origins story of America. This section identifies the recurring themes and images that together constitute what early educators conceived as a unified cultural narrative. Section three examines the sectional bifurcation and eventual re-unification of the American History textbook narrative from the 1850s into the early 20th century. The book concludes by revisiting the relationship between textbooks, the American story, and mythic narratives in light of current debates and controversies over textbooks, American history curriculum and a common American narrative.</p>
Women's Rights in the United States A History in Documents's Rights in the United States A History in DocumentsBoylan, AnneOxford University Press2015<p>​<em>Women's Rights in the United States: A History in Documents</em> uses a diverse collection of documents--including manifestoes, letters, diaries, cartoons, broadsides, legal and court records, poems, satires, advertisements, petitions, photographs, leaflets, maps, posters, autobiographies, and newspapers--to examine major themes in the history of women's rights and women's rights movements in the U.S. The documents encompass the experiences of women from a wide range of racial, ethnic, class, economic, sexual, marital, and social groups. The book covers such topics as organized social movements; changing definitions of rights and different women's access to rights; divisions among women within women's rights movements; global contexts for women's rights activism; and the question of what it means for women and men to be "equal." Each chapter includes an introductory essay, and each document has a headnote or long caption. A picture essay illuminates how both suffragists and anti-suffragists employed cartooning to articulate their political positions.</p>
El surgimiento de la cultura burguesa en la España del siglo XIX surgimiento de la cultura burguesa en la España del siglo XIXCruz, Jesus Siglio XXI2014
How the Other Half Ate: A History of Working-Class Meals at the Turn of the Century the Other Half Ate: A History of Working-Class Meals at the Turn of the CenturyLeonard Turner, KatherineUniversity of California Press2014<p>​In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, working-class Americans had eating habits that were distinctly shaped by jobs, families, neighborhoods, and the tools, utilities, and size of their kitchens—along with their cultural heritage. How the Other Half Ate is a deep exploration by historian and lecturer Katherine Turner that delivers an unprecedented and thoroughly researched study of the changing food landscape in American working-class families from industrialization through the 1950s. Relevant to readers across a range of disciplines—history, economics, sociology, urban studies, women’s studies, and food studies—this work fills an important gap in historical literature by illustrating how families experienced food and cooking during the so-called age of abundance. Turner delivers an engaging portrait that shows how America’s working class, in a multitude of ways, has shaped the foods we eat today.</p>
Odyssey of a Bombardier: The POW Log of Richard M. Mason of a Bombardier: The POW Log of Richard M. MasonHurt, JohnSteven E. SidebothamUniversity of Delaware Press2014
Odyssey of a Bombardier: The POW Log of Richard M. Mason of a Bombardier: The POW Log of Richard M. MasonSidebotham, StevenJohn HurtUniversity of Delaware Press2014<p>​Odyssey of a Bombardier is the illustrated Prisoner of War “log” that depicts the experiences of bombardier Richard M. Mason in German prison camps after his B-17 “Flying Fortress” was shot down by the Germans in France in 1944, the final year of World War II. The log follows Mason from the day his plane crashed until his liberation in April, 1945, and his return home to the United States. Included are such topics as medical treatment and rehabilitation for wounded prisoners of the Germans, life in Stalag Luft III, a difficult long march in an arctic winter to another camp, the travails of prisoners in the overcrowded, filthy camp at Moosburg, critical food shortages, and the arrival of General George Patton with the liberating forces. Mason was an amateur artist and illustrated his journal with moving depictions of prison life and comradeship. This book shows U.S. airmen demonstrating grace and courage under pressure and meeting every challenge that their imprisonment presented. </p>
Armsbearing and the Clergy in the History and Canon Law of Western Christianity and the Clergy in the History and Canon Law of Western ChristianityDuggan, LawrenceBoydell & Brewer2013<p>​The history of the vexed relationship between clergy and warfare is traced through a careful examination of canon law. In the first millennium the Christian Church forbade its clergy from bearing arms. </p><p>In the mid-eleventh century the ban was reiterated many times at the highest levels: all participants in the battle of Hastings, for example, who had drawn blood were required to do public penance. Yet over the next two hundred years the canon law of the Latin Church changed significantly: the pope and bishops came to authorize and direct wars; military-religious orders, beginning with the Templars, emerged to defend the faithful and the Faith; and individual clerics were allowed to bear arms for defensive purposes. This study examines how these changes developed, ranging widely across Europe and taking the story right up to the present day; it also considers the reasons why the original prohibition has never been restored.</p>
Bending Toward Justice: The Voting Rights Act and the Transformation of American Democracy Toward Justice: The Voting Rights Act and the Transformation of American DemocracyMay, GaryBasic Books2013<p>​When the Fifteenth Amendment of 1870 granted African Americans the right to vote, it seemed as if a new era of political equality was at hand. Before long, however, white segregationists across the South counterattacked, driving their black countrymen from the polls through a combination of sheer terror and insidious devices such as complex literacy tests and expensive poll taxes. Most African Americans would remain voiceless for nearly a century more, citizens in name only until the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act secured their access to the ballot.In <em>Bending Toward Justice</em>, celebrated historian Gary May describes how black voters overcame centuries of bigotry to secure and preserve one of their most important rights as American citizens. The struggle that culminated in the passage of the Voting Rights Act was long and torturous, and only succeeded because of the courageous work of local freedom fighters and national civil rights leaders—as well as, ironically, the opposition of Southern segregationists and law enforcement officials, who won public sympathy for the voting rights movement by brutally attacking peaceful demonstrators. But while the Voting Rights Act represented an unqualified victory over such forces of hate, May explains that its achievements remain in jeopardy. Many argue that the 2008 election of President Barack Obama rendered the act obsolete, yet recent years have seen renewed efforts to curb voting rights and deny minorities the act's hard-won protections. Legal challenges to key sections of the act may soon lead the Supreme Court to declare those protections unconstitutional.A vivid, fast-paced history of this landmark piece of civil rights legislation, <em>Bending Toward Justice</em> offers a dramatic, timely account of the struggle that finally won African Americans the ballot—although, as May shows, the fight for voting rights is by no means over.</p>
In God’s Empire: French Missionaries and the Modern World God’s Empire: French Missionaries and the Modern WorldWhite, OwenJ.P. DaughtonOxford University Press2013<p>​A collection of original essays by leading scholars in the field, <em>In God's Empire</em> examines the complex ways in which the spread of Christianity by French men and women shaped local communities, French national prowess, and global politics in the two centuries following the French Revolution. More than a story of religious proselytism, missionary activity was an essential feature of French contact and interaction with local populations. In many parts of the world, missionaries were the first French men and women to work and live among indigenous societies. For all the celebration of France's secular "civilizing mission," it was more often than not religious workers who actually fulfilled the daily tasks of running schools, hospitals, and orphanages. While their work was often tied to small villages, missionaries' interactions had geopolitical implications. Focusing on many regions - from the Ottoman Empire and North America to Indochina and the Pacific Ocean - this book explores how France used missionaries' long connections with local communities as a means of political influence and justification for colonial expansion. <em>In God's Empire</em> offers readers both an overview of the major historical dimensions of the French evangelical enterprise, as well as an introduction to the theoretical and methodological challenges of placing French missionary work within the context of European, imperial, religious history, and world history.</p>
Public Law, Private Practice Politics, Profit, and the Legal Profession in Nineteenth-Century Japan Law, Private Practice Politics, Profit, and the Legal Profession in Nineteenth-Century JapanFlaherty, DarrylHarvard University Press2013<p>Long ignored by historians and repudiated in their time, practitioners of private law opened the way toward Japan’s legal modernity. From the seventeenth to the turn of the twentieth century, lawyers and their predecessors changed society in ways that first samurai and then the state could not. During the Edo period (1600–1868), they worked from the shadows to bend the shogun’s law to suit the market needs of merchants and the justice concerns of peasants. Over the course of the nineteenth century, legal practitioners changed law from a tool for rule into a new epistemology and laid the foundation for parliamentary politics during the Meiji era (1868–1912).</p><p>This social and political history argues that legal modernity sprouted from indigenous roots and helped delineate a budding nation’s public and private spheres. Tracing the transition of law regimes from Edo to Meiji, <strong>Darryl E. Flaherty</strong> shows how the legal profession emerged as a force for change in modern Japan and highlights its lasting contributions in founding private universities, political parties, and a national association of lawyers that contributed to legal reform during the twentieth century.</p>
Risk: Negotiating Safety in American Society Negotiating Safety in American SocietyMohun, ArwenJohns Hopkins University Press2013<p>Winner, 2014 Ralph Gomory Prize, Business History </p><p>Conference"Risk" is a capacious term used to describe the uncertainties that arise from physical, financial, political, and social activities. Practically everything we do carries some level of risk—threats to our bodies, property, and animals. How do we determine when the risk is too high? In considering this question, Arwen P. Mohun offers a thought-provoking study of danger and how people have managed it from pre-industrial and industrial America up until today. </p><p>Mohun outlines a vernacular risk culture in early America, one based on ordinary experience and common sense. The rise of factories and machinery eventually led to shocking accidents, which, she explains, risk-management experts and the "gospel of safety" sought to counter. Finally, she examines the simultaneous blossoming of risk-taking as fun and the aggressive regulations that follow from the consumer-products-safety movement. </p><p>Risk and society, a rapidly growing area of historical research, interests sociologists, psychologists, and other social scientists. Americans have learned to tame risk in both the workplace and the home. Yet many of us still like amusement park rides that scare the devil out of us; they dare us to take risks.</p>
The Monetary History of Iran: From the Safavids to the Qajars Monetary History of Iran: From the Safavids to the QajarsMatthee, RudiWillem Floor and Patrick ClawsonI.B. Tauris2013<p>​The monetary history of a country provides important insights into its economic development, as well as its political and social history. This book is the first detailed study of Iran's monetary history from the advent of the Safavid dynasty in 1501 to the end of Qajar rule in 1925. Using an array of previously unpublished sources in ten languages, the authors consider the specific monetary conditions in Iran's modern history, covering the use of ready money and its circulation, the changing conditions of the country's mints and the role of the state in managing money. Throughout the book, the authors also consider the larger regional and global economic context within which the Iranian economy operated. As the first study of Iran's monetary history, this book will be essential reading for researchers of Iranian and economic history.</p>
The Rise and Fall of Modern Empires, Volume I: Social Organisation Rise and Fall of Modern Empires, Volume I: Social OrganisationWhite, OwenAshgate2013<p>​This collection brings together twenty-one articles that explore the diverse impact of modern empires on societies around the world since 1800. Colonial expansion changed the lives of colonised peoples in multiple ways relating to work, the environment, law, health and religion. Yet empire-builders were never working with a blank slate: colonial rule involved not just coercion but also forms of cooperation with elements of local society, while the schemes of the colonisers often led to unexpected outcomes. Covering not only western European nations but also the Ottomans, Russians and Japanese, whose empires are less frequently addressed in collections, this volume provides insight into a crucial aspect of modern world history.</p>
Persia in Crisis: Safavid Decline and the Fall of Isfahan in Crisis: Safavid Decline and the Fall of IsfahanMatthee, RudiI.B. Tauris2012<p>The decline and fall of Safavid Iran is traditionally seen as the natural outcome of the unrelieved political stagnation and moral degeneration which characterised late Safavid Iran. "Persia in Crisis" challenges this view. In this ground-breaking new book, Rudi Matthee revisits traditional sources and introduces new ones to take a fresh look at Safavid Iran in the century preceding the fall of Isfahan in 1722, which brought down the dynasty and ushered in a long period of turbulence in Iranian history. Inherently vulnerable because of the country's physical environment, its tribal makeup and a small economic base, the Safavid state was fatally weakened over the course of the seventeenth century. Matthee views Safavid Iran as a network of precarious alliances subject to perpetual negotiation and the society they ruled as an uneasy balance between conflicting forces. In the later seventeenth century this delicate balance shifted from cohesion to fragmentation.</p><p>An increasingly detached, palace-bound shah; a weakening link between the capital and the outlying provinces; the regime's neglect of the military and its shortsighted monetary policies combined to exacerbate rather than redress existing problems, leaving the country with a ruler too feeble to hold factionalism and corruption in check and a military unable to defend its borders against outside attack by Ottomans and Afghans. The scene was set for the Crisis of 1722. This book makes a major contribution to our understanding of Iranian history and the period that led to two hundred years of decline and eclipse for Iran.</p>
Pumpkin: The Curious History of an American Icon The Curious History of an American IconOtt, CindyUniversity of Washington Press2012<p>​Why do so many Americans drive for miles each autumn to buy a vegetable that they are unlikely to eat? While most people around the world eat pumpkin throughout the year, North Americans reserve it for holiday pies and other desserts that celebrate the harvest season and the rural past. They decorate their houses with pumpkins every autumn and welcome Halloween trick-or-treaters with elaborately carved jack-o'-lanterns. Towns hold annual pumpkin festivals featuring giant pumpkins and carving contests, even though few have any historic ties to the crop.In this fascinating cultural and natural history, Cindy Ott tells the story of the pumpkin. Beginning with the myth of the first Thanksgiving, she shows how Americans have used the pumpkin to fulfull their desire to maintain connections to nature and to the family farm of lore, and, ironically, how small farms and rural communities have been revitalized in the process. And while the pumpkin has inspired American myths and traditions, the pumpkin itself has changed because of the ways people have perceived, valued, and used it. <em>Pumpkin</em> is a smart and lively study of the deep meanings hidden in common things and their power to make profound changes in the world around us.</p>
Reconsidering Untouchability Chamars and Dalit History in North India Untouchability Chamars and Dalit History in North IndiaRawat, RamnarayanPermanent Black and Indiana University Press2012<p> Often identified as leatherworkers or characterized as a criminal caste, the Chamars of North India have long been stigmatized as untouchables. In this pathbreaking study, Ramnarayan S. Rawat shows that in fact the majority of Chamars have always been agriculturalists, and their association with the ritually impure occupation of leatherworking has largely been constructed through Hindu, colonial, and postcolonial representations of untouchability. </p><p> </p><p> Rawat undertakes a comprehensive reconsideration of the history, identity, and politics of this important Dalit group. Using Dalit vernacular literature, local-level archival sources, and interviews in Dalit neighborhoods, he reveals a previously unrecognized Dalit movement which has flourished in North India from the earliest decades of the twentieth century and which has recently achieved major political successes. </p>
Sources and Debates in Modern British History 1714 to the Present and Debates in Modern British History 1714 to the PresentWasson, EllisWiley2012<p>Designed to complement the author's<em> A History of Modern Britain</em>, this collection of primary sources illuminates and augments the study of modern Britain with coverage of political, imperial, and economic history as well as class and cultural issues </p><ul><li>Features a broad range of documents, in a well-structured and easy-to-use format, including important, well-known documents and lesser-known excerpts from memoirs and private correspondence</li><li>Provides up-to-date, balanced coverage of political, imperial, social, economic, and cultural history with over 180 documents</li><li>Offers a thorough rendering of social class and national identity, including coverage of changes in British society over the last 20 years</li><li>Includes discussion questions for each document, as well as lists of historical debates and extensive bibliographies of both on-line and traditional sources for students' further research</li></ul>
The Early Medieval World: From the Fall of Rome to the Time of Charlemagne Early Medieval World: From the Fall of Rome to the Time of CharlemagneFrassetto, MichaelGale2012<p>​This book examines a pivotal period in ancient human history: the fall of the Roman Empire and the birth of a new European civilization in the early Middle Ages.</p>
Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route and the Ancient Maritime Spice RouteSidebotham, StevenUniversity of California Press2011<p>​The legendary overland silk road was not the only way to reach Asia for ancient travelers from the Mediterranean. During the Roman Empire’s heyday, equally important maritime routes reached from the Egyptian Red Sea across the Indian Ocean. The ancient city of Berenike, located approximately 500 miles south of today’s Suez Canal, was a significant port among these conduits. In this book, Steven E. Sidebotham, the archaeologist who excavated Berenike, uncovers the role the city played in the regional, local, and “global” economies during the eight centuries of its existence. Sidebotham analyzes many of the artifacts, botanical and faunal remains, and hundreds of the texts he and his team found in excavations, providing a profoundly intimate glimpse of the people who lived, worked, and died in this emporium between the classical Mediterranean world and Asia. </p>
Campy - The Two Lives of Roy Campanella - The Two Lives of Roy CampanellaLanctot, NeilSimon & Schuster2011<p>​<strong>ROY CAMPANELLA </strong>was the backbone of the great Brooklyn Dodgers teams of the late 1940s and 1950s, alongside such other Hall of Famers as Jackie Robinson and Duke Snider. An outstanding defensive catcher and a powerful slugger, Campy won the National League MVP Award three times. But everything changed on a rainy January night in 1958 when Campy’s car skidded off the road and he was left paralyzed below the neck. For the second time in his life, Roy Campanella would become a pioneer, this time off the field. Neil Lanctot’s <em>Campy </em>is the magnificent, authoritative biography of this exuberant, gifted athlete.</p>
Reconsidering Untouchability Chamars and Dalit History in North India Untouchability Chamars and Dalit History in North IndiaRawat, RamnarayanPermanent Black and Indiana University Press2011<p>Winner of the Joseph W. Elder Prize in the Indian Social Sciences, American Institute of Indian StudiesHonorable Mention, Association for Asian Studies, Bernard S. Cohn Prize</p><p>Often identified as leatherworkers or characterized as a criminal caste, Chamars of North India have long been stigmatized as untouchables. In this pathbreaking study, Ramnarayan S. Rawat shows that in fact the majority of Chamars have always been agriculturalists, and their association with the ritually impure occupation of leatherworking has largely been constructed through Hindu, colonial, and postcolonial representations of untouchability. Rawat undertakes a comprehensive reconsideration of the history, identity, and politics of this important Dalit group. Using Dalit vernacular literature, local-level archival sources, and interviews in Dalit neighborhoods, he reveals a previously unrecognized Dalit movement which has flourished in North India from the earliest decades of the 20th century and which has recently achieved major political successes.</p>
The Rise of Middle-Class Culture in Nineteenth-Century Spain Rise of Middle-Class Culture in Nineteenth-Century SpainCruz, JesusLSU Press2011<p>​In his stimulating study, Jesus Cruz examines middle-class lifestyles—generally known as bourgeois culture—in nineteenth-century Spain. Cruz argues that the middle class ultimately contributed to Spain’s democratic stability and economic prosperity in the last decades of the twentieth century.</p>
The Roots of English Colonialism in Ireland Roots of English Colonialism in IrelandMontaño, JohnCambridge University Press2011<p>​This is a major new study of the cultural foundations of the Tudor plantations in Ireland and of early English imperialism more generally. John Patrick Montaño traces the roots of colonialism in the key relationship of cultivation and civility in Tudor England and shows the central role this played in Tudor strategies for settling, civilising and colonising Ireland. The book ranges from the role of cartography, surveying and material culture – houses, fences, fields, roads and bridges – in manifesting the new order to the place of diet, leisure, language and hairstyles in establishing cultural differences as a site of conflict between the Irish and the imperialising state and as a justification for the civilising process. It shows that the ideologies and strategies of colonisation which would later be applied in the New World were already apparent in the practices, material culture and hardening attitude towards barbarous customs of the Tudor regime.</p>
Articulating Rights Nineteenth-century American Women on Race, Reform, and the State Rights Nineteenth-century American Women on Race, Reform, and the StateParker, AlisonNorthern Illinois University Press2010<p>"Parker offers an original and nuanced inquiry into everyday political thought, arguing that it pivoted particularly on the axis of race and gender. Articulating Rights discovers a robust conversation about politics ... ongoing among white and black women activists who were far less known than either luminaries of the women's rights movement such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton or critics such as Catharine Beecher."—Amy Dru Stanley, The University of Chicago </p><p>“Parker offers a provocative and illuminating study of nineteenth-century women’s political thought. By including white and black women in the same volume, she overcomes a major flaw in the scholarship.”—Carol Faulkner, Maxwell School of Syracuse University</p><p>In this original study of six notable reformers, Alison Parker skillfully illuminates the connections between the gradual transformation of reform strategies over the course of the 19th century and the political ideas of the reformers themselves. Parker argues that American women’s political thought evolved from an emphasis on reform through moral suasion and local control into an endorsement of expanded federal power and a strong central state. This book reveals Fanny Wright, Sarah Grimké, Angelina Grimké Weld, Frances Watkins Harper, Frances Willard, and Mary Church Terrell to be political thinkers who were engaged in re-conceptualizing the relationship between the state and its citizens. Collectively and individually, black women made a significant contribution to the shift toward an activist central state by strongly supporting a federal government with expanded authority to protect and enforce civil rights. Offering profiles of two black reformers, Parker explores the complex role that race played in the political thought and strategies in both black and white women reformers. Paying particular attention to the ways in which women’s ideas about the state and citizenship factored into their struggles for racial and sexual equality, Parker illuminates the wide-ranging and creative ways in which they engaged in politics. For scholars interested in 19th-century women, race, or reform in American history, this significant study offers a fresh take on these vital topics. </p>

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