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224 John Munroe HallNewark, DE 19716<div class="ExternalClass9040EC9E65A7479FAD1DAAFED1A304E6"><p> </p><p>Rudi Matthee serves as the John and Dorothy Munroe Distinguished Professor of History at the University of Delaware, where he teaches Middle Eastern history, with a research focus on early modern Iran and the Persian Gulf. His books include <em>The Politics of Trade in Safavid Iran: Silk for Silver, 1600-1730</em> (Cambridge University Press, 1999); <em>The Pursuit of Pleasure: Drugs and Stimulants in Iranian History, 1500-1900</em> (Princeton University Press, 2005); <em>Persia in Crisis: Safavid Decline and the Fall of Isfahan</em> (I.B. Tauris, 2012); and, with Willem Floor and Patrick Clawson, <em>The Monetary History of Iran. From the Safavids to the Qajars</em>  (I.B. Tauris, 2013). He co-edited, with Beth Baron, <em>Iran and Beyond: Essays in Honor of Nikki R. Keddie</em> (2000); co-edited, with Nikki Keddie, <em>Iran and the Surrounding World, 1501-2001</em>:<em>Interactions in Culture and Cultural Politics</em> (2002); and, with Jorge Flores, <em>Portugal, the Persian Gulf and Safavid Persia </em>(Peeters, 2011). He has also published numerous articles on aspects of Safavid and Qajar Iran. He twice served as president of the Association for the Study of Persianate Societies, 2003-05 and 2009-2011, and currently serves as the president of the Persian Heritage Foundation. He received the 2006 Albert Hourani Book Prize, awarded by the Middle East Studies Association of North America, the Saidi Sirjani Award, 2004-2005, awarded by the International Society for Iranian Studies, the British-Kuwaiti Friendship Book Prize, 2012, and, twice, the prize for best foreign-language book on Iran from the Iranian Ministry of Culture.</p></div><div class="ExternalClass41F9C161AABA4BE0AC94C0E587F315B5"><h4>Books:</h4><ul><li><em>The Monetary History of Iran: From the Safavids to the Qajars</em> With Willem Floor and Patrick Clawson (I.B. Tauris, 2013)</li><li><em>Persia in Crisis: Safavid Decline and the Fall of Isfahan</em> (I.B. Tauris, 2012)</li><li><em>The Pursuit of Pleasure: Drugs and Stimulants in Iranian History, 1500-1900</em> (Princeton University Press, 2005)</li><li><em>The Politics of Trade in Safavid Iran: Silk for Silver, 1600-1730</em> (Cambridge University Press, 1999)</li></ul><h4>Edited Volumes</h4><ul><li><em>Russians in Iran: Diplomacy and Power in the Qajar Era and Beyond</em> (I.B. Tauris, 2018)</li><li><em>The Spanish Monarchy and Safavid Persia in the Early Modern Period. Politics, War and Religion</em> (Albatros, Valencia, 2016)</li><li><em>Portugal, the Persian Gulf and Safavid Persia</em> With Jorge Flores (Peeters, 2011)</li><li><em>Iran and the Surrounding World: Interactions in Culture and Cultural Politics</em> (University of Washington Press, 2002)</li><li><em>Iran & Beyond: Essays in Middle Eastern History in Honor of Nikki R. Keddie</em> (Mazda Publishers Inc., 2000)</li></ul></div>Publicationsmatthee@udel.edu, Rudi<img alt="Professor Rudi Matthee" src="/Images%20Bios/faculty/Matthee.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />John and Dorothy Munroe Distinguished Professor of Historyon leave



Russians in Iran: Diplomacy and Power in the Qajar Era and BeyondMatthee, RudiElena AndreevaI.B. Tauris2018<p>​Russians in Iran seeks to challenge the traditional narrative regarding Russian involvement Iran and to show that whilst Russia's historical involvement in Iran is longstanding it is nonetheless much misunderstood. Russia's influence in Iran between 1800 and the middle of the twentieth century is not simply a story of inexorable intrusion and domination: rather, it is a complex and interactive process of mostly indirect control and constructive engagement. Drawing on fresh archival material, the contributors provide a window into the power and influence wielded in Iran not just by the Russian government through it traditional representatives but by Russian nationals operating in Iran in a variety of capacities, including individuals, bankers, and entrepreneurs. Russians in Iran reveals the multifaceted role that Russians have played in Iranian history and provides an original and important contribution to the history and international relations of Iran, Russia and the Middle East.</p>
The Spanish Monarchy and Safavid Persia in the Early Modern Period. Politics, War and ReligionMatthee, RudiE. García and J. CutillasAlbatros, Valencia2016<p>​Relations between Spain and Persia in the Early Modern Period are often presented as the story of two bookends-one formed by the mission of Ruy González de Clavijo to the court of Tamerlane at the turn of the fifteenth century; the other represented by the embassy Don García de Silva y Figueroa undertook to the court of the Safavid Shah 'Abbas I on behalf of King Philip III between 1614 and 1624. The Iberian involvement with Persia in the two centuries between these two events is mostly told as a Portuguese, maritime-oriented one. This book is the first to break out of that mould. It addresses the various ways in which the Spanish crown sought and maintained contact with Persia, either independently or, after the creation of the Iberian Union in 1580, in consort with the Portuguese, in the sixteenth and the seventeenth centuries. We learn about the motley crew of men who sailed the Mediterranean or rounded the Cape on their way to the Safavid state, the diplomats who sought to lure the shah into a joint anti-Ottoman front, the missionaries who hoped to convert him and his subjects to the 'True Faith', the adventurers and spies who dreamed of strategic advantage and commercial control. The essays assembled here also examine the various initiatives launched by Persia's rulers towards the Spanish court, their proposals for military cooperation or the sale of silk. Originating as a conference held in 2013 at the Instituto de Historia del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas in Madrid, this volume thus sheds light on many little known aspects of the complex and multifaceted relationship between these two empires in the Early Modern Period.</p>
The Monetary History of Iran: From the Safavids to the QajarsMatthee, RudiWillem Floor and Patrick ClawsonI.B. Tauris2013<p>​The monetary history of a country provides important insights into its economic development, as well as its political and social history. This book is the first detailed study of Iran's monetary history from the advent of the Safavid dynasty in 1501 to the end of Qajar rule in 1925. Using an array of previously unpublished sources in ten languages, the authors consider the specific monetary conditions in Iran's modern history, covering the use of ready money and its circulation, the changing conditions of the country's mints and the role of the state in managing money. Throughout the book, the authors also consider the larger regional and global economic context within which the Iranian economy operated. As the first study of Iran's monetary history, this book will be essential reading for researchers of Iranian and economic history.</p>
Persia in Crisis: Safavid Decline and the Fall of IsfahanMatthee, RudiI.B. Tauris2012<p>The decline and fall of Safavid Iran is traditionally seen as the natural outcome of the unrelieved political stagnation and moral degeneration which characterised late Safavid Iran. "Persia in Crisis" challenges this view. In this ground-breaking new book, Rudi Matthee revisits traditional sources and introduces new ones to take a fresh look at Safavid Iran in the century preceding the fall of Isfahan in 1722, which brought down the dynasty and ushered in a long period of turbulence in Iranian history. Inherently vulnerable because of the country's physical environment, its tribal makeup and a small economic base, the Safavid state was fatally weakened over the course of the seventeenth century. Matthee views Safavid Iran as a network of precarious alliances subject to perpetual negotiation and the society they ruled as an uneasy balance between conflicting forces. In the later seventeenth century this delicate balance shifted from cohesion to fragmentation.</p><p>An increasingly detached, palace-bound shah; a weakening link between the capital and the outlying provinces; the regime's neglect of the military and its shortsighted monetary policies combined to exacerbate rather than redress existing problems, leaving the country with a ruler too feeble to hold factionalism and corruption in check and a military unable to defend its borders against outside attack by Ottomans and Afghans. The scene was set for the Crisis of 1722. This book makes a major contribution to our understanding of Iranian history and the period that led to two hundred years of decline and eclipse for Iran.</p>
The Pursuit of Pleasure: Drugs and Stimulants in Iranian History, 1500-1900Matthee, RudiPrinceton University Press2005<p>​From ancient times to the present day, Iranian social, political, and economic life has been dramatically influenced by psychoactive agents. This book looks at the stimulants that, as put by a longtime resident of seventeenth-century Iran, Raphaël du Mans, provided Iranians with <em>damagh</em>, gave them a "kick," got them into a good mood. By tracing their historical trajectory and the role they played in early modern Iranian society (1500-1900), Rudi Matthee takes a major step in extending contemporary debates on the role of drugs and stimulants in shaping the modern West.At once panoramic and richly detailed, <em>The Pursuit of Pleasure</em> examines both the intoxicants known since ancient times--wine and opiates--and the stimulants introduced later--tobacco, coffee, and tea--from multiple angles. It brings together production, commerce, and consumption to reveal the forces behind the spread and popularity of these consumables, showing how Iranians adapted them to their own needs and tastes and integrated them into their everyday lives.Matthee further employs psychoactive substances as a portal for a set of broader issues in Iranian history--most notably, the tension between religious and secular leadership. Faced with reality, Iran's Shi`i ulama turned a blind eye to drug use as long as it stayed indoors and did not threaten the social order. Much of this flexibility remains visible underneath the uncompromising exterior of the current Islamic Republic.</p>
The Politics of Trade in Safavid Iran Silk for Silver, 1600–1730Matthee, RudiCambridge University Press1999<p>​Using a wide range of archival and written sources, Rudi Matthee considers the economic, social and political networks established between Iran, its neighbours and the world at large, through the prism of the late Safavid silk trade. In so doing, he demonstrates how silk, a resource crucial to state revenue and the only commodity to span Iran's entire economic activity, was integral to aspects of late Safavid society, including its approach to commerce, export routes and, importantly, to the political and economic problems which contributed to its collapse in the early 1700s. In a challenge to traditional scholarship, the author argues that despite the introduction of a maritime, western-dominated channel, Iran's traditional land-based silk export continued to expand right up to the end of the seventeenth century. The book makes a major theoretical contribution to the debates on the social and economic history of the pre-modern world.</p>

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